Anselm and Athanasius on Penal Substitution

“Nor indeed (in Anselm’s Cur Deus Homo) is there any suggestion made that God is appeased by the “penal” death of Christ. . . . Anselm certainly depicts Christ’s sacrifice as an offering that somehow “secures” forgiveness by satisfying the demands of divine righteousness, on our behalf; but how far does this really depart from […]

Sovereignty in the Death of Jesus

by Roger Olsen   [Man, does this guy think like me] One critic here (so far) has argued against my maxim that “God is in charge but not in control” by pointing to Acts 2:23 which says that Jesus was “delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God.” (RSV)  The critic argues that […]

Justin Martyr and Eusebius on Substitutionary Atonement

Justin Martyr, (AD 100–ca.165) “Just as God commanded the sign to be made by the brazen serpent, and yet He is blameless; even so, though a curse lies in the law against persons who are crucified, yet no curse lies on the Christ of God, by whom all that have committed things worthy of a […]

On Propitiation and Expiation

In his Epistle to the Romans, the Apostle Paul writes: Romans 3:21-25 OSB But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, (22) even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe. For there is no […]