Anselm and Athanasius on Penal Substitution

“Nor indeed (in Anselm’s Cur Deus Homo) is there any suggestion made that God is appeased by the “penal” death of Christ. . . . Anselm certainly depicts Christ’s sacrifice as an offering that somehow “secures” forgiveness by satisfying the demands of divine righteousness, on our behalf; but how far does this really depart from […]

Athanasius on Substitutionary Atonement

Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria (296 – 373) “The Word, being the Image of the Father and immortal, took the form of the servant, and as man underwent for us death in His flesh, that thereby He might offer Himself for us through death to the Father . . .  Formerly the world, as guilty, was […]